Which camera should you buy best between Canon, Nikon, Sony, Fujifilm, Pentax …

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which camera to buy

Should buy the best camera today? The camera market is extremely diverse from designs, all types of cameras to manufacturers all produce camera lines with similar functions and conveniences, including price.

New people entering the photography profession or just want to buy for fun are enough to find confused about the current camera market. Don’t worry, this article Xi Pa Chao will take care of that worry for you and suggest you the best camera available today.

1. Reviews of current camera brands

There are also many different types of cameras on the market. But this article only covers some of the basic cameras that many people use

1.1 Compact camera

This is the most compact in size, highly portable, and has the basic features of a camera. The advantage of the Compact is that it is easy to use, who are not knowledgeable about photography can also use it, the price is low.

But the image quality captured by the Compact camera is not sharp, without the viewfinder. Compact capture device is suitable for those who are new to the machine or use with basic needs, shooting entertainment and entertainment.

Compact camera

1.2 Mirrorless camera

Mirrorless cameras are mirrorless cameras. The advantage of this machine is compact design, LCD screen, good focus speed, fast operation, good image quality. The downside of the Mirrorless Machine is fast running out of battery, poor water resistance. It is suitable for both beginners and professional photographers.

1.3 DSLR camera

This is a professional photographer’s friend who works all the way. It is easy to understand, because the DSLR gives the best image quality, the image taken through the DSLR is clear, with clear density, bright colors, no fear of blurred, blurred, interchangeable lenses. The drawback of the DSLR is its high price, difficult to use for newbies.

2. Criteria to buy good and quality camera photos

In order to answer the question of which camera to buy, we will first of all give the criteria to evaluate a quality photographic equipment required, thereby orienting the needs of the user and to find out what kind fit.

2.1 Demand

If you are new to using photography equipment or use for basic purposes such as: taking photos while traveling, hiking, taking selfies, .. all types of devices on the market will satisfy that demand. Preferably water resistant.

If you use it for work: event, sports, concert, product, landscape, wedding, wildlife, etc., high sensitivity camera is needed to shoot. Good in the dark, with autofocus when shooting fast-moving objects, silent shooting mode in seminars, concerts, …

2.2 Aperture

Simply put, aperture is the aperture of the lens. The aperture determines directly the light and the field of view.

camera aperture

The larger the aperture, the more light that passes through it, the brighter, sharper the resulting image will be. Conversely, the smaller the aperture, the less light passing through the resulting image will be blurred, darker. Aperture is indicated by the following parameters: F1.2, F1.8, F2.8. The larger the number, the smaller the aperture, and vice versa.

The photos taken under a large aperture will have the ability to erase the background because the difference between the subject and the background is quite large. Useful for photos where you want to keep the subject, erase the background.

When taken under a small aperture, the image will have a deeper and sharper depth, suitable for landscape photography because the image will have better depth.

2.3 Shutter speed

Simply put, each time you press the shutter button, the shutter in the camera closes in and out for a certain amount of time. While the shutter is open, the sensor will record all the information of the incoming light.

The longer the shutter stays open, the more light in, which means the brighter the photo is. The moment the shutter has been opened and closed immediately, the light in will be less, which means the image will be dark. So if you buy a good camera, this is something you need to pay attention to.

Camera shutter speed

2.4 Camera sensor

Machine sensors are parts that directly receive light from objects and convert light into different types of data. Sensors are the most important part of the camera, directly affecting image size, resolution, sensitivity, light capture, depth of field, …

Camera sensor

There are 2 types of sensors:

  • CCD sensor: was born before CMOS and is more appreciated for its wide dynamic range and very good noise control, and image quality is also superior. The downside of the CCD sensor is that it is difficult to manufacture, assemble and the price is high. The CCD sensor is not widely used anymore.
  • CMOS sensor: born after CCD sensor with unequal quality, but now has surpassed competitors thanks to remarkable improvements. The quality of the current CMOS sensor is much higher than that of the CCD sensor but saves the battery. Currently, CCD is very widely used.

The image sensor comes in two types of full-frame and crop sizes. The camera has a full-frame sensor that will give images a wide viewing angle, plenty of light and good noise reduction, suitable for taking all types of photos. With a crop sensor, the image will have a closer view of the screen, suitable for close-up photography of sports and wildlife.

2.5 Camera lens

Camera lens

Lenses are considered the eye of the camera, which is an important factor to keep in mind when figuring out which camera to buy. Currently on the market there are 3 types of popular camera lenses:

  • Wide angle lens: is a lens with a focal length of <35mm, which is specialized for landscape and group photography because details in the image through the Wide Angle Lens are clearly displayed.
  • Standard lens: is a lens with a focal length of 40-60mm, the most common of which is 50mm. The advantage of this type of lens is that you can produce a beautiful picture whatever you shoot.
  • Telephoto lens: is a lens with a focal length of 70mm or more, so it can pull the subject very close to the photographer. Suitable for shooting far, far away subjects.

2.6 Resolution

Camera resolution is expressed in megapixels, or MP for short. 1MP is equivalent to 1 million px, 3MP is equivalent to 3 million px. The more MP, the more pixels the image has, so it’s easy to crop and zoom while maintaining sharpness. That means that the image size will be heavier. Popular resolutions are 5MP, 8MP, 12MP, 20MP.

camera resolution

However, resolution is not the only factor that determines the quality of the image. It is only in one of many other factors only. Including the aperture, the sensor. So when you see a camera with 20MP resolution, that doesn’t mean the photo will be sharp, but you also have to consider the aperture and the sensor.

2.7 Optical zoom and digital zoom

Zoom simply understands the ability to enlarge / reduce the pixels of an image.

Optical zoom and digital zoom

There are two main types of zoom: optical zoom and digital zoom

  • Digital zoom is the technique of zooming pixels by software, the resulting image will be blurred, thanks to the image. Phones often use Digital Zoom.
  • Optical zoom is a hardware pixel zoom technique, resulting in better quality and sharper images. DSLRs often use Optical Zoom.

The popular models today have common zoom numbers from 4x – 10x, the lowest is 3x, the highest is 40x. X is the number of enlargements of the subject compared to the original size.

2.8 Resistance to vibration

The anti-shake capability will be really helpful when you frequently travel or take the device for long distances or commuting. Anti-shake function will minimize blur, blur while you are moving: driving, …

2.9 Accessories included

The camera has a variety of accessories included, depending on the needs of the user to choose the right accessory. Accessories usually include:

2.10 Memory Stick

Memory cards are usually included with the purchase, the common capacities are 16GB, 32GB. If you shoot RAW, 32GB memory card is not enough because RAW images are very large, can go up to 50MB. So it is best to bring a lot of memory cards, which will help a lot in work.

2.11 The battery

For basic users, 1 battery is more than enough. However, with new models with many utilities, the demand of users will skyrocket, especially the era when young people often use the camera to film and record vlogs, which drains the battery very quickly. As you can see, buying more batteries to plan is very necessary.

2.12 Camera cleaning kit

This is an accessory that is often neglected but plays a decisive role in the longevity of the camera. Equipment we often bring to the street, will be exposed to dust, rain water regularly. From time to time, the machine will cling to dust, causing buttons to jam or even damage the internal components. And users will spend a large amount of money for the repair.

If you do not want your device to last through each day, remember to bring the Machine Cleaning Kit.

The cleaning kit has 3 tools: dust blower, lens cleaner, sheepskin wiper. Equipping with a home cleaning kit will help users clean themselves easily, helping to improve the longevity of the machine, to avoid breakdowns.

2.13 Camera bag

A camera bag is different from an ordinary bag: it has a shockproof system, very water resistant, protects your beloved camera from strong impacts. There are three most typical types of bags: a camera bag, a mic bag, and a dedicated bag.

2.14 Filter filters

A filter filter protects the camera lens from the strong sunlight intensity and creates a variety of unique effects for each photographer’s purpose.

There are 3 types of filters:

  • UV filter: quite popular with photographers, has the function of filtering ultraviolet rays, preventing complicated light streams, limiting scratches during the process. This is the type that needs to be equipped immediately and always.
  • Filter ND: works to reduce the light entering the sensor, used in cases where you want a slower shutter speed than usual, often used for landscape photography.
  • CPL filter: reduces the reflection of objects. Use in case you want to shoot through non-reflective glass, take pictures of the water surface without shadows, capture a beautiful, clear blue sky.

2.15 Tripod

When you are taking landscape, nature, or product photos, you will need your camera as still as possible. So a tripod will be of great help in timer shooting settup.

2.16 Flash light

The flash has a higher capacity, and many modes are customized for a variety of purposes.

The flash comes in 2 types:

  • Built-in flash: helps to hit straight, hit the ceiling or in many different directions. Great for event photographers
  • Flash is not plugged in: usually serves those who like to play lights, you can combine lighting accessories together to create a satisfactory artistic photo.

2.17 Price

Below 400$: this is the affordable segment. The camera in this price range meets all the basic photography needs: such as taking photos of yearbooks, portraits, partying, traveling, … with many unique shooting modes but lacking many conveniences.
Over 7 million – 20 million: this machine in this price range specializes in professional photographers because it is equipped with a lot of specialized features: anti-shake function, autofocus when shooting continuously, rotate the screen. image, auto capture, silent shooting, auto angle adjustment, …

2.18 Warranty

The machine manufacturers usually have a warranty for 2 years, the higher-end company warranty from 3 to 4 years.

3. Recommend 8 best camera brands

3.1 Canon camera

Canon is a brand over 80 years old from Japan, specializing in the field of optics, including cameras. If you ask beginners what camera to buy, the answer will definitely go to Canon.

Canon cameras are too famous and familiar with the Vietnamese photographers. The number of users in Vietnam is extremely large. Canon camera has the advantage of compact design, many modern features: custom aberration, custom hue, use CMOS sensor for perfect image quality.

3.2 Nikon camera

Nikon was also born in the country of Cherry Blossom, providing users with modern, luxurious design, many advanced gadgets at prices much cheaper than competitors.

Nikon and Canon cameras have always been two fierce competitors on the camera front. Nikon has a background in lens production, so the image quality that this company is not condemning: beautiful photos, beautiful, fresh colors, …

3.3 Camera Sony

Sony is a brand that is no longer strange to Vietnamese consumers. Also established in Japan, Sony has been asserting its position on home turf and around the world in electronic devices: computers, phones, headphones, speakers, televisions, …

The Sony device is highly appreciated by users for its ability to shoot movies in addition to its luxurious, youthful design. The product is equipped with anti-shake technology that allows capturing images that are still in focus even while on the move. The image quality that Sony offers is not inferior to the previous two machines: sharp images, optimized functions, giving beautiful effects.

3.4 Fujifilm camera

Fujifilm – a famous brand in Japan, specializes in manufacturing photographic equipment and especially cameras. Fujifilm cameras are creating a new wave in the Vietnamese market in recent years, receiving a lot of compliments for Fujifilm cameras for their sophisticated retro-angular design, good anti-vibration, and speed. fast image processing and super wide shooting angle.

3.5 Pentax camera

One more camera brand from Japan if you don’t know which camera to buy – Pentax is the optical company that impresses users with its affordable Pentax cameras with built-in, durable quality. More features: autofocus for clear, vivid image and color quality. Equipped with both vibration resistance in all traveling conditions and GPS positioning.

3.6 Olympus camera

It seems that the famous brands and the production of photographic equipment are born from the same cradle of Japan. Olympus too, its photographic equipment defeats industry competitors thanks to 5-axis anti-shake technology to produce perfect image quality in every detail in any harsh shooting conditions. Its products also have a nostalgic design similar to Fujifilm that makes the Olympus machine unique.

3.7 Leica camera

Which camera should I buy? Then suggest to you that a very famous brand of photographic equipment production in Germany is Lecica. Leica photographic equipment is perfect in every design line to image quality, color. Good sensitivity, solid button system, easy to use.

Although not so outstanding in the Vietnamese market, but with the quality already confirmed, the great photos from Leica Camera will definitely dominate the Vietnamese market in the next few years.

3.8 Kodak Camera

Kodak is a company manufacturing photographic equipment based in the US, the oldest of all manufacturers of photographic equipment, 1881. Made from modern, advanced line technology leading in the US, the Kodak Machine has always met above user expectations thanks to the innovative technologies applied to the Kodak series that no rival company has yet.

Above are experiences and suggestions on which camera to buy. Hopefully, those who are passionate about photography can find a companion like them.

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